The Middle East’s population has been dealing with climate change-related issues for years. The region constantly records excessive heat, droughts, floods, and the risks of resource depletion and environmental degradation. The region can use adaptation strategies to mitigate climate change effects.
Climate Change Interventions
There are two types of climate interventions: adaptation and mitigation.
The term “mitigation” refers to actions taken to lower the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gasses. Examples of these actions include the advancement of energy-efficient technology, electric cars, carbon capture, and renewable energy sources.
Adaptation strategies are very key for communities to survive in the Middle East region. Temperatures in this region have increased twice as high as those in other parts of the world during the last thirty years. Last summer, it was difficult to spend more than a few hours outside due to record highs and humidity, especially in certain areas of Iran. Water scarcity is a major issue for many MENA countries.
For example, Tunisia is experiencing its fourth consecutive year of drought. The country has had to impose months-long water restrictions. In addition, MENA has had to quickly adjust to the indisputable fact that the earth is warming at an accelerated rate.
Types of Adaptation Strategies
Adaptation may take many different forms. Some examples include building flood barriers, putting in place early warning systems for cyclones, planting crops resistant to drought, and reorganizing business policies, communication networks, and legal frameworks. Developing sustainable communities and economies is already a top priority for many nations and places. However, it will need more work and desire to manage risks in the present and the future efficiently and economically.
Key Players for Adaptation Strategies
Governments are only one component of an efficient adaptation process. Other important players include citizens, the public and private sectors, civil society, and skilled managers who have a deep understanding of the subject.
Foreign donors also play a key role in adaptation. Apart from funding, these international players can assist in setting up spaces for the exchange of innovations, in locating and assembling the appropriate local participants, and in showcasing best practices. Additionally, they can assist key ministries in the MENA area in comprehending the role that climate adaptation plays in their particular environment. Moreover, international players can change public perception of the significance of adaptation initiatives, which might lead to an increase in private interest.
To protect people, their livelihoods, and the environment, adaptation must be a key component of any long-term, comprehensive global plan to tackle climate change. Countries should lead adaptation efforts, taking into account the vulnerabilities of people, institutions, and ecosystems and guaranteeing inclusion for all genders, as is widely agreed upon. The greatest possible scientific information should serve as the foundation for and a guide when incorporating adaptation into economic and environmental strategies and operations. It should also make use of local knowledge systems and indigenous knowledge where appropriate.