The latest report, a yearly collaboration between the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the International Energy Agency (IEA), and the United Nations Climate Change High-Level Champions, revealed vital information concerning climate targets. It revealed that while we are making progress, clean energy, and sustainable solutions still have not attracted the investment and deployment levels necessary to meet global climate goals. In order to accelerate the transition, it urges governments to increase cooperation in crucial areas, including standards and legislation, financial and technical aid, and market formation.
The Breakthrough Agenda, a commitment made by 48 nations representing nearly 80% of global economic output since its first introduction at COP26 in Glasgow in 2021, has been examined in a report released on the eve of Climate Week NYC. The report also announced a partnership with the UAE COP28 Presidency in January 2023.
The annual process attempts to coordinate national efforts to make clean technologies and sustainable solutions the most available, affordable, and preferred alternative in five important industries: energy, steel, hydrogen, agriculture, and transportation by road. This year, the study includes more information about cement and buildings. More than 60% of all greenhouse emissions come from these seven businesses. The Agriculture Breakthrough also tries to solve problems with food security adapting to climate change and the environment.
The second-year report urges governments to work together in each industry to cut emissions over the next ten years and stop climate change from getting worse. The report also evaluates the progress made since 2022 in the priority areas for international cooperation.
Key Advancements In Industry Transformation Towards Clean Energy
The paper shows how the shift to clean energy and sustainable solutions is speeding up in many areas because technologies like solar PV and electric cars are improving in ways that were unheard of before. In addition, it shows that spending on clean energy technology is much higher than spending on fossil fuels, and it indicates that 18% of all car sales are expected to be electric passenger cars in 2023. But even though there has been progress in some areas, steel, hydrogen, and farmland, which have high emissions and are hard to control, are not making the changes they need to quickly enough.
In order to speed up changes in each industry, the study makes suggestions in the areas of financial support, research and development, creating demand, infrastructure, standards, and trade. When the seven sectors work together, it will support investment and make it possible to create economies of scale needed to lower the cost of vital technology and sustainable farming practices.
According to the report, there has been no improvement in the last year in fostering international cooperation in the most pressing areas. Thus, the report suggests that there needs to be a stronger political commitment in order to move from simpler approaches to working together, like sharing best practices, to greater ways, like aligning standards and policies, which are more difficult but can lead to bigger gains in attracting investment and speeding up deployment.