Water Conservation in Qatar

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Qatar is one of the countries plagued with water problems. It has one of the world’s lowest levels of rainfall. The country relies primarily on desalination to meet domestic and industrial water demands. Hence, in this article, we will examine water conservation in an address.

The Water Security Challenge

Water usage in Qatar’s domestic and industrial sectors constitutes a significant problem for the nation’s water security. To make matters worse, the country has been recording a steady increase in its population. Domestic consumption alone has doubled since 2020. The country consumes at least 450 liters per person per day. The issue is further worsened by residents not being charged for water bills. Qatar is actively implementing projects to enhance water efficiency, reduce per capita consumption, and maximize the reuse of treated wastewater and industrial water across various sectors. 

Water Conservation Solutions in Qatar

The Water Mega Reservoirs Project

This project is expected to provide a 24-hour water supply and follow the World Health Organization Standard. The initial phase of the project which started in 2015 was focused on constructing 24 sizable concrete reservoirs capable of storing potable water for seven days. The second phase focused on increasing water storage capacity to accommodate the anticipated demand by 2036.

Decreasing Process Water Usage

Building systems rely on process water, such as cooling towers, boilers, chillers, dishwashers, and washing machines. Process water consumes volumes of water. Hence, for water conservation, Qatar must capitalize on reducing process water consumption such as incorporating non-potable water sources like rainwater, greywater, or treated sewage effluent (TSE) in building processes.

Decreasing Indoor Potable Water Usage

Water-efficient low-flow fixtures can minimize domestic and portable indoor water usage. These fixtures include those for water closets, urinals, lavatories, showers, and kitchen sinks. Additionally, using non-potable water for flush functions contributes to water conservation efforts.

Minimize Outdoor Potable Water Consumption

Outdoor landscaping irrigation accounts for a sizable portion of potable water usage. If the country wants to reduce water consumption in outdoor areas significantly, it must employ an integrated approach.

This approach involves implementing a combination of water-efficient irrigation technologies, such as drip irrigation and bubbler distribution systems, along with practices like mulching and reducing or eliminating turf grasses. Using non-potable or recycled water sources, installing sub-meters to monitor irrigation trends, and incorporating native and adapted plant species into landscape designs are also effective strategies.

Furthermore, using high-performance, water-efficient irrigation systems, including scheduled irrigation and weather-based irrigation controls, can promote water efficiency outdoors.

Final Words 

Qatar is currently facing a water crisis. Hence, the country has to do everything possible to reduce its water usage. Processes that will help the country conserve water include focusing on completing its Water Mega Reservoirs Project and reducing indoor and outdoor portable water use. 

Last Updated on April 15, 2024 by Adeela Saeed

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